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SUNY-Downstate Medical Research Library of Brooklyn: Evidence-Based Nursing Practice

a Libguide

ANA Research Toolkit

This is a series of articles and tools that help one design and implement  Evidence Based Nursing  research.  

Joanna Briggs Institute

  • The Joanna Briggs Institute has established itself as a world wide center of Evidence-Based Health Care.
  • They operate a repository for Evidence-Based Health care of all types,
  • They have established a GRADE Center,
  • Also offered are courses, tutorials, fellowships, and degrees. 
  • JBI ha developed evaluation formats for systematic reviews of many sorts.
  • They are affiliated with the University of Adelaide, Australia
  • There are  affiliated schools and programs world-wide.


NINR- National Institute of Nursing Research 

  • NINR is part of the NIH, the National Institutes of Health.
  • Motto is "Building the Scientific Foundations for Clinical Practice"
  • The NIHR supports evidence-based practice
  • The words "Evidence-Based Practice" are not used generally on this site.  

The Sigma Repository, formerly called the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository

  • The only repository solely dedicated to sharing works created by nurses.
  • It is an open-access digital academic and clinical scholarship service
  • freely collects, preserves, and disseminates full-text nursing research and evidence-based practice materials.
  • The repository is a resource of SIGMA, formerly known as the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International."

JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis

  • The JBI manual for Evidence Synthesis describes how to gather evidence for various types of Systematic Reviews. 
  • It can be purchased as a book, or read on-line. 
  • Areas  covered:  Systematic reviews for economic issues, risk and etiology, prevalence. 
  • The online version is frequently updated.  
  • Can be used to evaluate existing published Systematic Reviews and to design a systematic review to publish.  

Qualitative Research Guide (Duke University Library)

  • How to find everything you want to know about Qualitative Research.
  • Updated regularly.

Qualitative Research Data Collection (BMJ Evidence Based Nursing,)

How to Choose a Design to Review the Literature  (BMJ Journal  of Evidence Based Nursing)


Grade Approach

  • The GRADE approach reflects ‘best practice’ in terms of clinical guideline development 
  • Endorsed by organizations across the globe.
  • Each guideline proposed is given an actual letter grade,
  • Strength of the available evidence.determines the grade

Joanna Briggs Institute has a GRADE Center oriented towards nursing guidelines.  

DARE (Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects): Quality-Assessed Reviews (last updated 2015)

  • Reviews of systematic reviews on a variety of topics. 
  • Analyze systematic
  • Reader can judge for  accuracy, relevance and thoroughness.
  • Recently changed sponsorship and expects to be updated in the next few years.

The successor to DARE is  NIHR and has been active since  April 2015 .

Nursing Research Library Guide from McMaster University

Comprehensive guide on understanding and using evidence informed decision making. The British and the Canadians have adapted the formulation formulation "Evidence informed" vs. "evidence based".  

This guide defines 'Evidence Informed Decision Making" as a "broad concept referring to the incorporation of valid and relevant external evidence during the decision making process".

Research Methodology:  Case Studies- What is Their Place  in Research?

The article What is a Case Study?  by Heale and Twycross (2017) concisely explains the role of case studies in nursing research.  

Understanding Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

This paper from the Journal Archives of Disease in Childhood Diseases defines and goes in depth in what Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses are and how to use them.  It also discusses the problems with the “traditional” narrative reviews.  

What is a Meta-Analysis?

This paper from the Journal of Evidence Based Nursing  defines Meta-Analysis and how to use it.


Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis: Understanding the Best Evidence in Primary Healthcare Clinicians

This paper from the  Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care  explains the use of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in finding evidence for the primary care physician.


What is a Predatory Journal?

For many years Jeffrey Beall kept an updated list of predatory journals.  He no longer  updates his list, but other people and institutions do much the same work.  His criteria for recognizing a predatory journal remain valid.

NICHSR (National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology)

  • Mission is to Improve the collection, storage, analysis, retrieval, and dissemination of health services research and to promote communication clarity among Federal health related agencies.
  • Method sinclude standardizing the language used by EHR's and other systems, that describe clinical attributes. 
  • It helps develop literature search  filters so that researchers may more easily find information on subjects like "Outcome assessments".  
  • It keeps lists of current and planned health research going on nationwide.